Project report for Pensil manufacturing

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Introduction

Project report for Pencil manufacturing is as follows

A pencil is lead material enclosed in wood or put in metal holder used for drawing or writing. Pencil is a valuable item used by all levels of schools and in all business and government organization. Pencils are made from soft wood and lead. As everybody knows pencils are basic instruments for learning and for many types of office work such as writing, sketching, calculating. Pencil is an item of use almost in every household, office, school, college etc. for writing on paper, making sketches, drawing and such other purposes. Depending on the type of carbon used in them, pencils are categorized as soft medium and hard. Due to smooth and easy handling of pencils it has got a wide application in various fields like copying, sketching, writing etc. Colored pencils are much popular in drawing and paintings. Important factors for the popularity of the pencils are:-Considerable life ,Can be erased , Smooth in copying , Less wear and tear , Availability in almost all the colors. Pencils are used by artists, Engineers, Students of drawing, writing notes, rough works etc. pencils with sticks of different colors are showing a positive demand over ball pen, because of its long durability and economic in price. Day by-day writing papers are becoming dearer. Rough work by ball pen leads in user a wastage of paper whereas due to the unique erasable property of the pencil-writing by rubber, the user can use the same paper several times for rough work and thus can save the excess expenditure over paper

 

Product / Services & process

Pencil with diferenttype and colours

 

Market potential & Strategy

India has 1.5 million schools and students above 315 million. India has the largest student population in the world. In this age of digital era writing instruments have not lost their demand and continue to grow every year. Pencils continue to be importantelement in every student’s life. Indian schools have made the use of pencils compulsory till 4th standard. The writing instrument industry in India is estimated at 2600 crores rupees which is huge. This industry continues to grow each year at a healthy rate.encils that are sold mainly in market are made of wood and some are found with paper and polymer. The writing instruments market in India is a very lucrative market for various brands worldwide simply because of its sheer size. This market is estimated at 1600 to 2400 mn pieces a year and Rs 22 bn in value. A number of Indian as well as International players are in the race to tap this market to the fullest. This paper is the result of a through field study done over a period of 11 months. Most of the data in this paper comes from primary sources that include consumer surveys, retail surveys, lab experiments and expert opinions. The research Methodology is detailed in subsequent chapters.

 

PROJECT REPORT

Pensil manufacturing

Address

Introduction

Project report for Pencil manufacturing is as follows

A pencil is lead material enclosed in wood or put in metal holder used for drawing or writing. Pencil is a valuable item used by all levels of schools and in all business and government organization. Pencils are made from soft wood and lead. As everybody knows pencils are basic instruments for learning and for many types of office work such as writing, sketching, calculating. Pencil is an item of use almost in every household, office, school, college etc. for writing on paper, making sketches, drawing and such other purposes. Depending on the type of carbon used in them, pencils are categorized as soft medium and hard. Due to smooth and easy handling of pencils it has got a wide application in various fields like copying, sketching, writing etc. Colored pencils are much popular in drawing and paintings. Important factors for the popularity of the pencils are:-Considerable life ,Can be erased , Smooth in copying , Less wear and tear , Availability in almost all the colors. Pencils are used by artists, Engineers, Students of drawing, writing notes, rough works etc. pencils with sticks of different colors are showing a positive demand over ball pen, because of its long durability and economic in price. Day by-day writing papers are becoming dearer. Rough work by ball pen leads in user a wastage of paper whereas due to the unique erasable property of the pencil-writing by rubber, the user can use the same paper several times for rough work and thus can save the excess expenditure over paper

Product / Services & process

Pencil with diferenttype and colours

Market potential & Strategy

India has 1.5 million schools and students above 315 million. India has the largest student population in the world. In this age of digital era writing instruments have not lost their demand and continue to grow every year. Pencils continue to be importantelement in every student’s life. Indian schools have made the use of pencils compulsory till 4th standard. The writing instrument industry in India is estimated at 2600 crores rupees which is huge. This industry continues to grow each year at a healthy rate.encils that are sold mainly in market are made of wood and some are found with paper and polymer. The writing instruments market in India is a very lucrative market for various brands worldwide simply because of its sheer size. This market is estimated at 1600 to 2400 mn pieces a year and Rs 22 bn in value. A number of Indian as well as International players are in the race to tap this market to the fullest. This paper is the result of a through field study done over a period of 11 months. Most of the data in this paper comes from primary sources that include consumer surveys, retail surveys, lab experiments and expert opinions. The research Methodology is detailed in subsequent chapters.

Project at a glance

Name & Address of Unit

Pencil manufacturing

Address

Details of unit
Email : youremail@gmail.com
Phone : 000000
Constitution : Proprietership
Total project cost : *******
Fixed Capital : *******
Working Capital : *******
Total Bank loan : *******
Promoter(s) contribution : *******
Term loan : *******
Working capital loan : *******
Name & address of promoter(s)
Name : Your name
Address : Address
Phone : 000000
Designation : Proprietor
E-mail : youremail@gmail.com

Project Feasibility Ratio

Debt Service Coverage Ratio (Average) :1.87
Current ratio (Average) :2.63
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5
Current ratio 1.53 2.06 2.62 3.19 3.76
Quick ratio 1.13 1.56 2.10 2.64 3.18
Interest coverage ratio 3.87 5.55 7.00 9.48 14.71
Debt equity ratio 2.863 2.080 1.528 1.020 0.542
TOL/TNW 3.02 1.45 0.79 0.43 0.21
DSCR 1.65 1.86 1.90 1.94 1.97
Gross profit Sales Percentage % 29.23 % 28.54 % 28.18 % 27.86 % 27.50 %
Net profit Sales Percentage % 10.84 % 10.56 % 11.10 % 11.57 % 11.90 %
BEP in % of installed capacity % 49.90 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 %
BEP in sales of Rs 2,620,800.00 1,840,695.65 1,972,173.91 2,103,652.17 2,235,130.43
Return On Capital Employed 0.26 0.34 0.34 0.33 0.33

Project Feasibility graph

Revenue v/s Expense Expense Splitup
 
Revenue
 
Expense
Net profit Sales % Quick ratio

Project Cost

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Building cost *******
2 Semi automatic machine *******
3 Electrification *******
4 Preliminary expenses *******
5 Working Capital *******
Total *******

 

Working Capital Computation

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Consumables / stock in hand *******
2 Work in progress *******
3 Finished goods *******
4 Working expense. *******
5 Receivables/Sundry debtors *******
6 Payables *******
7 Total working capital *******
8 Own Contribution *******
9 Working capital loan *******

Annual Sales / Revenue

Sl. no Item Rate Quantity Unit Total Rs
1 Revenue from Sales ******* X 360 Day *******
Total *******

Total Yearly Expense

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Rent *******
2 Salary *******
3 Accounts and admin *******
4 Electricity *******
5 Office expense & utilities *******
6 Raw material purchase *******
7 Wages *******
8 Other expenses *******
Total *******

Application of Fund

Sl. no Item Subsidy % No. Rate Amount Rs
1 Building cost ******* 1 ******* *******
2 Semi automatic machine ******* 1 ******* *******
3 Electrification ******* 1 ******* *******
4 Preliminary expenses ******* 1 ******* *******
Total Investment *******
Total Subsidy *******
Net Investment *******

Means of Finance

Sl. no Item Amount
1 Term Loan *******
2 Working capital Loan *******
3 Total loan *******
4 Term Loan contribution *******
5 Working capital contribution *******

Profitability Statement

Year 1(!*) Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Revenue from operation
Sales ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Add :
Closing stock 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Opening stock 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Stock purchase ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Salary ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Repairs and maintenance charges ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
gas ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
ELECTRICITY bill ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross profit ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Rent ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Telephone/Postal &internet charge ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** 0***** ***** ***** *****
Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on TL ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit before tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Income Tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit after tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

Cash flow statement

Cash Inflow Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Capital 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Subsidy 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Termloan ***** 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Profit before tax with interest 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in WC loan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Depreciation 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current liability 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total Cash Inflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash Outflow
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current asset 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Interest on TL 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Income Tax 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Decrease in Term loan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Drawing 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total Cash Outflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Opening balance ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Net Cashflow 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Closing balance 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

Balance sheet

Liability Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
A. Share holders funds
Capital ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Reserve & Surplus 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B.Non current Liabilities
Termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
C.Current Liabilities
Working capital loan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Account payable 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total Liability ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Asset
A. Non current Assets
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B. Current Assets
Inventory 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Trade receivables 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Cash and cash equivalence ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Asset ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

Repayment of Term loan

Year Installment Outstanding at the beginning Principal repayment Interest Amount paid Outstanding at the end
1 1 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 2 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 3 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 4 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 5 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
5 56 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 57 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 58 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 59 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 60 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

Debt Service Coverage Ratio

Particulars Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Receipts
a).Net Profit 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
b).Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30
c).Interest on termloan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Repayments
a).Loan Principal 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
b).Interest on termloan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
DSCR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Depreciation

Particulars Rate Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Building 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Computers/ Printers /Photocopier/Electronic gadget 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Furniture & fixtures 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Racks & storage/Interior works 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
new item 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
new 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Air-conditioning 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Other investments 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total less depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Conclusion

The project as a whole describes the scope and viability of the Trading industry and mainly of the financial, technical and its market potential.The project guarantee sufficient fund to repay the loan and also give a good return on capital investment. When analyzing the social- economic impact, this project is able to generate an employment of 5 and above. It will cater the demand of Trading and thus helps the other business entities to increase the production and service which provide service and support to this industry. Thus more cyclic employment and livelihood generation. So in all ways, we can conclude the project is technically and socially viable and commercially sound too.

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