Project report for Notebook manufacturing

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Introduction

Indians give more thrust and importance to education. Notebooks and exercise books are the most popular stationery items for schools. Every student requires them throughout their entire schooling and higher education. The demand for notebooks exits throughout the year although its demand peaks in June and August when the schools re-open. Record books and exercise books are also in demand throughout the year as they are used in institutions, offices and government organizations. According to the research report, the India exercise notebook market will record revenue of INR 334.6 billion by FY’2020 due to more players entering the market and rising number of educational and commercial institutes in the country. The exercise notebook market in India has witnessed commendable growth over the period FY’2010-FY’2015. The market has witnessed a double-digit CAGR during the period FY’2010-FY’2015 in terms of revenue. The growth of this market has been majorly driven by the governmental thrust towards compulsory and quality school education and higher educational aspiration among the growing middle class. The market for exercise notebooks in India has been traditionally dominated by the unorganized segment. There has been a marked shift in the preference of cheap local brands to quality products. Aesthetically and functionally improved notebooks, which come with innovative 3D covers, had witnessed an increasing demand in recent years.

 

Product / Services & process

 

Softwood trees are cut down and ground into pulp. This is done through machines known as “pulp digesters.”once the pulp is clean and purified, another machine takes it and sprays it onto a wire screen. The machine then drains the water from the pulp, which allows the cellulose fibers to adhere together into paper. Bleach or dye may also be added at this stage to add some color.The pulp goes through a pounding and squeezing process that’s referred to as beating. At this stage, filters are added like chalks, clays, or chemicals to give the paper its opacity and overall final look.The next step is smoothing the paper and compacting it even further. This is done by passing the paper through metal rollers called calendars, which are giant reels that end up holding about 49 miles worth of paper!.The paper is far away from its original pulp state and is now ready for the fine details. For some notebook paper, that involves using machines to create the lines, holes, or any other detail you see on the pages.Now it’s finally time to turn that paper into a notebook. The first step is making the cover, which can be made from a variety of materials including plastic, leather, fabric, and cardboard to name a few.For hardbound journals, the cover is cut down to size to fit the paper and then pressed on via giant mechanical rollers. A spiral notebook is added on using thin metal wires that are pulled through all the holes in the paper.

 

Market potential & Strategy

The market for exercise notebooks in India has been traditionally dominated by the unorganized segment.High usage of writing exercise notebooks as compared to drawing notebooks indirectly leads to greater demand of white paper exercise notebooks which accounted for the majority share in the total notebook market.India’s middle class population is likely to go up to 583 million by FY’2025 resulting in wider demand. The market is expected to witness a rise in the volume of premium office as well as school and college notebooks as companies widen the offering of their premium brands to realize the high margin in this segment. Pro-environmental initiatives by the Government will propel the usage of more recycled papers in exercise notebook production. The market is also tempting for foreign brands that will look forward to grab a share of the unorganized pie. According to the research report, the India exercise notebook market will record revenue of INR 334.6 billion by FY'2020 due to more players entering the market and rising number of educational and commercial institutes in the country.It means every one will get there own pie for creating a win -win situation in the market.The price, quality and the designs are the key factors in the industry. The market is characterized by low product loyalty where buyers can easily switch brands. Buyers are generally snobbish in their purchase decision. Therefore, manufacturers need to ascertain competitive pricing for their products while sticking on to quality.

 

PROJECT REPORT

Notebook manufacturing

Your address

Introduction

Indians give more thrust and importance to education. Notebooks and exercise books are the most popular stationery items for schools. Every student requires them throughout their entire schooling and higher education. The demand for notebooks exits throughout the year although its demand peaks in June and August when the schools re-open. Record books and exercise books are also in demand throughout the year as they are used in institutions, offices and government organizations. According to the research report, the India exercise notebook market will record revenue of INR 334.6 billion by FY’2020 due to more players entering the market and rising number of educational and commercial institutes in the country. The exercise notebook market in India has witnessed commendable growth over the period FY’2010-FY’2015. The market has witnessed a double-digit CAGR during the period FY’2010-FY’2015 in terms of revenue. The growth of this market has been majorly driven by the governmental thrust towards compulsory and quality school education and higher educational aspiration among the growing middle class. The market for exercise notebooks in India has been traditionally dominated by the unorganized segment. There has been a marked shift in the preference of cheap local brands to quality products. Aesthetically and functionally improved notebooks, which come with innovative 3D covers, had witnessed an increasing demand in recent years.

Product / Services & process

 

Softwood trees are cut down and ground into pulp. This is done through machines known as “pulp digesters.”once the pulp is clean and purified, another machine takes it and sprays it onto a wire screen. The machine then drains the water from the pulp, which allows the cellulose fibers to adhere together into paper. Bleach or dye may also be added at this stage to add some color.The pulp goes through a pounding and squeezing process that’s referred to as beating. At this stage, filters are added like chalks, clays, or chemicals to give the paper its opacity and overall final look.The next step is smoothing the paper and compacting it even further. This is done by passing the paper through metal rollers called calendars, which are giant reels that end up holding about 49 miles worth of paper!.The paper is far away from its original pulp state and is now ready for the fine details. For some notebook paper, that involves using machines to create the lines, holes, or any other detail you see on the pages.Now it’s finally time to turn that paper into a notebook. The first step is making the cover, which can be made from a variety of materials including plastic, leather, fabric, and cardboard to name a few.For hardbound journals, the cover is cut down to size to fit the paper and then pressed on via giant mechanical rollers. A spiral notebook is added on using thin metal wires that are pulled through all the holes in the paper.

Market potential & Strategy

The market for exercise notebooks in India has been traditionally dominated by the unorganized segment.High usage of writing exercise notebooks as compared to drawing notebooks indirectly leads to greater demand of white paper exercise notebooks which accounted for the majority share in the total notebook market.India’s middle class population is likely to go up to 583 million by FY’2025 resulting in wider demand. The market is expected to witness a rise in the volume of premium office as well as school and college notebooks as companies widen the offering of their premium brands to realize the high margin in this segment. Pro-environmental initiatives by the Government will propel the usage of more recycled papers in exercise notebook production. The market is also tempting for foreign brands that will look forward to grab a share of the unorganized pie. According to the research report, the India exercise notebook market will record revenue of INR 334.6 billion by FY'2020 due to more players entering the market and rising number of educational and commercial institutes in the country.It means every one will get there own pie for creating a win -win situation in the market.The price, quality and the designs are the key factors in the industry. The market is characterized by low product loyalty where buyers can easily switch brands. Buyers are generally snobbish in their purchase decision. Therefore, manufacturers need to ascertain competitive pricing for their products while sticking on to quality.

Project at a glance

Name & Address of Unit

Notebook manufacturing

Your address

Details of unit
Phone : 1236
Constitution : Proprietership
Total project cost : *******
Fixed Capital : *******
Working Capital : *******
Total Bank loan : *******
Promoter(s) contribution : *******
Term loan : *******
Name & address of promoter(s)
Name : Your name
Designation : Founder

Project Feasibility Ratio

Debt Service Coverage Ratio (Average) :1.87
Current ratio (Average) :2.63
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5
Current ratio 1.53 2.06 2.62 3.19 3.76
Quick ratio 1.13 1.56 2.10 2.64 3.18
Interest coverage ratio 3.87 5.55 7.00 9.48 14.71
Debt equity ratio 2.863 2.080 1.528 1.020 0.542
TOL/TNW 3.02 1.45 0.79 0.43 0.21
DSCR 1.65 1.86 1.90 1.94 1.97
Gross profit Sales Percentage % 29.23 % 28.54 % 28.18 % 27.86 % 27.50 %
Net profit Sales Percentage % 10.84 % 10.56 % 11.10 % 11.57 % 11.90 %
BEP in % of installed capacity % 49.90 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 %
BEP in sales of Rs 2,620,800.00 1,840,695.65 1,972,173.91 2,103,652.17 2,235,130.43
Return On Capital Employed 0.26 0.34 0.34 0.33 0.33

Project Feasibility graph

Revenue v/s Expense Expense Splitup
 
Revenue
 
Expense
Net profit Sales % Quick ratio

Project Cost

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Working Capital *******
Total *******

 

Working Capital Computation

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Consumables / stock in hand *******
2 Work in progress *******
3 Finished goods *******
4 Working expense. *******
5 Receivables/Sundry debtors *******
6 Payables *******
7 Total working capital *******
8 Own Contribution *******

Total Yearly Expense

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
Total *******

Application of Fund

Sl. no Item Subsidy % No. Rate Amount Rs
Total Investment *******
Total Subsidy *******
Net Investment *******

Means of Finance

Sl. no Item Amount
1 Term Loan *******
2 Working capital Loan *******
3 Total loan *******
4 Term Loan contribution *******
5 Working capital contribution *******

Profitability Statement

Year 1(!*) Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Revenue from operation
Sales ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Add :
Closing stock 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Opening stock 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Stock purchase ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Salary ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Repairs and maintenance charges ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
gas ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
ELECTRICITY bill ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross profit ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Rent ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Telephone/Postal &internet charge ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** 0***** ***** ***** *****
Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on TL ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit before tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Income Tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit after tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

Cash flow statement

Cash Inflow Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Capital 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Subsidy 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Termloan ***** 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Profit before tax with interest 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in WC loan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Depreciation 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current liability 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total Cash Inflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash Outflow
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current asset 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Interest on TL 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Income Tax 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Decrease in Term loan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Drawing 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total Cash Outflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Opening balance ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Net Cashflow 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Closing balance 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

Balance sheet

Liability Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
A. Share holders funds
Capital ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Reserve & Surplus 0.00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B.Non current Liabilities
Termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
C.Current Liabilities
Working capital loan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Account payable 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total Liability ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Asset
A. Non current Assets
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B. Current Assets
Inventory 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Trade receivables 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Cash and cash equivalence ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Asset ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

Repayment of Term loan

Year Installment Outstanding at the beginning Principal repayment Interest Amount paid Outstanding at the end
1 1 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 2 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 3 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 4 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 5 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
5 56 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 57 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 58 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 59 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 60 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

Debt Service Coverage Ratio

Particulars Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Receipts
a).Net Profit 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
b).Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30
c).Interest on termloan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Repayments
a).Loan Principal 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
b).Interest on termloan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
DSCR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Depreciation

Particulars Rate Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Building 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Computers/ Printers /Photocopier/Electronic gadget 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Furniture & fixtures 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Racks & storage/Interior works 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
new item 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
new 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Air-conditioning 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Other investments 00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Less Depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total less depreciation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total written down value 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Conclusion

The project as a whole describes the scope and viability of the Trading industry and mainly of the financial, technical and its market potential.The project guarantee sufficient fund to repay the loan and also give a good return on capital investment. When analyzing the social- economic impact, this project is able to generate an employment of 5 and above. It will cater the demand of Trading and thus helps the other business entities to increase the production and service which provide service and support to this industry. Thus more cyclic employment and livelihood generation. So in all ways, we can conclude the project is technically and socially viable and commercially sound too.

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