Project report for Clay Bricks

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Introduction

brick is a type of block used to build walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction. Properly, the term brick denotes a block composed of dried clay, but is now also used informally to denote other chemically cured construction blocks. Bricks can be joined together using mortar, adhesives or by interlocking them. Bricks are produced in numerous classes, types, materials, and sizes which vary with region and time period, and are produced in bulk quantities. Block is a similar term referring to a rectangular building unit composed of similar materials, but is usually larger than a brick. Lightweight bricks are made from expanded clay aggregate. Fired bricks are one of the longest-lasting and strongest building materials, sometimes referred to as artificial stone, and have been used since circa 4000 BC. Air-dried bricks, also known as mudbricks, have a history older than fired bricks, and have an additional ingredient of a mechanical binder such as straw. Bricks are laid in courses and numerous patterns known as bonds, collectively known as brickwork, and may be laid in various kinds of mortar to hold the bricks together to make a durable structure. The demand for bricks has been increasing with the ever increasing activities in the construction sector. In the last several years the demand for bricks has increased specially in the major towns and cities. As a result number of new brick plants have been set up around these cities, which are catering to the local demands. As such there is a huge market potential.

Market potential & Strategy

India is the world’s second-largest producer of bricks, with an annual production of around 250 300 billion bricks per annum. Given the large projected increase in the building stock in India, the demand for bricks is expected to growth in next 20 years and reach 750-1000 billion brick/year. There are various types of bricks being produced, the main being solid burnt clay bricks, fly ash bricks, fly ash bricks, solid and hollow concrete blocks, and aerated autoclaved concrete blocks. Around 85% of the bricks produced are burnt clay bricks and the remaining 15% are non-fired bricks. Perforated and hollow clay brick products comprise less than 0.5%. Clay brick had the highest market share as it is being traditionally used since ages and is readily available in the market with total of around 145,000 brick kilns across India as of financial year 2019. Moreover, people have low awareness about the new category of bricks such as Fly Ash bricks and usually have been observed to opt for clay bricks in most construction works. India is the second largest brick manufacturer in the world after China. Indian brick industry is almost entirely unorganized and characterized by the presence of large number of small scale manufacturers which compete with one another at the regional level. Bricks industry in India has recorded considerable growth over past few years, driven by the growth in infrastructure and construction activities. Moreover, India's rising population, increase in per capita income, improved economic growth, industrialization and rapid urbanization has augmented the growth prospects of blocks and bricks industry. 

Name & Address of Unit

Clay Bricks

Your address

Details of unit
Email : [email protected]
Phone : 0000000000
Constitution : Proprietership
Total project cost : *******
Fixed Capital : *******
Working Capital : *******
Total Bank loan : *******
Promoter(s) contribution : *******
Term loan : *******
Name & address of promoter(s)
Name : Proprator
Designation : Proprator
Category : General
Debt Service Coverage Ratio (Average) :1.87
Current ratio (Average) :2.63
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5
Current ratio 1.53 2.06 2.62 3.19 3.76
Quick ratio 1.13 1.56 2.10 2.64 3.18
Interest coverage ratio 3.87 5.55 7.00 9.48 14.71
Debt equity ratio 2.863 2.080 1.528 1.020 0.542
TOL/TNW 3.02 1.45 0.79 0.43 0.21
DSCR 1.65 1.86 1.90 1.94 1.97
Gross profit Sales Percentage % 29.23 % 28.54 % 28.18 % 27.86 % 27.50 %
Net profit Sales Percentage % 10.84 % 10.56 % 11.10 % 11.57 % 11.90 %
BEP in % of installed capacity % 49.90 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 %
BEP in sales of Rs 2,620,800.00 1,840,695.65 1,972,173.91 2,103,652.17 2,235,130.43
Return On Capital Employed 0.26 0.34 0.34 0.33 0.33
Net profit Sales %
Quick ratio
Revenue v/s Expense
Expense Splitup
Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Working Capital *******
Total *******

 

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Consumables / stock in hand *******
2 Work in progress *******
3 Finished goods *******
4 Working expense. *******
5 Receivables/Sundry debtors *******
6 Payables *******
7 Total working capital *******
8 Own Contribution *******

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
Total *******

Sl. no Item Subsidy % No. Rate Amount Rs
Total Investment *******
Total Subsidy *******
Net Investment *******
Sl. no Item Amount
1 Term Loan *******
2 Working capital Loan *******
3 Total loan *******
4 Term Loan contribution *******
5 Working capital contribution *******

Year 1(!*) Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Revenue from operation
Sales ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Add :
Closing stock ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Opening stock ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Stock purchase ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Salary ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Repairs and maintenance charges ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
gas ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
ELECTRICITY bill ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross profit ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Rent ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Telephone/Postal &internet charge ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** 0***** ***** ***** *****
Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on TL ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit before tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Income Tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit after tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash Inflow Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Capital 0.63 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Subsidy ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit before tax with interest ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in WC loan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current liability ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Cash Inflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash Outflow
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current asset ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on TL ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Income Tax ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Decrease in Term loan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Drawing ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Cash Outflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Opening balance ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Net Cashflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Closing balance ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Liability Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
A. Share holders funds
Capital ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Reserve & Surplus ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B.Non current Liabilities
Termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
C.Current Liabilities
Working capital loan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Account payable ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Liability ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Asset
A. Non current Assets
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B. Current Assets
Inventory ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Trade receivables ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash and cash equivalence ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Asset ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Year Installment Outstanding at the beginning Principal repayment Interest Amount paid Outstanding at the end
1 1 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 2 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 3 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 4 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 5 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
5 56 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 57 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 58 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 59 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 60 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Particulars Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Receipts
a).Net Profit ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
b).Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** 0.30
c).Interest on termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Repayments
a).Loan Principal ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
b).Interest on termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
DSCR ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Particulars Rate Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Building ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Computers/ Printers /Photocopier/Electronic gadget 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Furniture & fixtures 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Racks & storage/Interior works 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
new item 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
new 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Air-conditioning 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Other investments 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total less depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

The project as a whole describes the scope and viability of the Trading industry and mainly of the financial, technical and its market potential.The project guarantee sufficient fund to repay the loan and also give a good return on capital investment. When analyzing the social- economic impact, this project is able to generate an employment of 5 and above. It will cater the demand of Trading and thus helps the other business entities to increase the production and service which provide service and support to this industry. Thus more cyclic employment and livelihood generation. So in all ways, we can conclude the project is technically and socially viable and commercially sound too.

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