Project report for Automobile Silencer

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Introduction

muffler or silencer is a device for reducing the noise emitted by the exhaust of an internal combustion engine especially a noise-deadening device forming part of the exhaust system of an automobile. Mufflers are installed within the exhaust system of most internal combustion engines. The muffler is engineered as an acoustic device to reduce the loudness of the sound pressure created by the engine by acoustic quieting. The noise of the burning-hot exhaust gas exiting the engine at high speed is abated by a series of passages and chambers lined with roving fiberglass insulation and/or resonating chambers harmonically tuned to cause destructive interference, wherein opposite sound waves cancel each other out.

Automobile   silencer   is   an  essential   part   of   any automobile. The  main function of silencer is to reduce  noise  of the vehicle. An automobile vehicle, while running on a road, produces  an intolerable  noise,  which, is otherwise controlled by  a  proper noise reducing device, will create a huge noise. The device,  used to minimise this noise is called ‘Silencer’ this device bring the noise  of  an auto engine to much  extract.  Until  comparatively recently,  the  design of silencers for automobiles  &  transport vehicle  engines  has  been largely  empirical  based  unreactive and dissipative  principles. Reactive silencers work  on  the principle  of  reflecting sound energy back towards  the  source. (But  may  also  provide some  energy  dissipation  by  crossflow depending  on  the  design).  Dissipative  Silencers  incorporate chambers  or  sections lined with sound  absorbent  materials  in which sould energy is absorbed. (and turned into heat).

Market potential & Strategy

Automotive exhaust systems are an integral component of the automobiles vehicles. The increased focus on the development of technologies for meeting international emission guidelines is expected to impact the use of exhaust systems in the automotive manufacturing industry. Factors such as regulatory obligations, increasing consumer awareness, and emergence of automotive companies that utilize advanced and eco-friendly technologies drive the growth of the global market for automotive exhaust systems. The key components of an automotive exhaust system include the engine, automotive exhaust manifold, automotive exhaust valve, automotive exhaust pipe, silencer, muffler, and the vehicle tailpipe. Automotive exhaust systems are majorly used for releasing the automotive exhaust gases from an internal combustion engine. The market is expected to expand with a CAGR of 7% over the forecast period 2021 to 2026. The growing number of vehicle coupled stringent noise regulations related to vehicle will drive the demand for automotive exhaust silencer market. Mostly, automotive exhaust silencer failure happens due to the effect of corrosion. It is due to the atmospheric conditions of the world and the acidic condensate deposit on silencer. For that purpose, composite material (glass fiber, carbon fiber, stainless steel) are being used to make automotive exhaust silencers. 

The automobile industry all over the world is growing at a very high rate and different vehicles are always seen on the road. The production of silencer thus has a very good potential as it can be sold as original equipment and also in the replacement market. With the growth of the economy and increase in road transport, the demand of silencer is growing. Since the demand of the automobile vehicles scooters, motorcycles, autorickshaw, moped etc. is increasing day by day in the country, there is good scope of auto silencer the demand of which is expected to increase by 8 to 10% in near future.

Name & Address of Unit

Automobile Silencer

Your address

Details of unit
Email : [email protected]
Phone : 0000000000
Constitution : Proprietership
Total project cost : *******
Fixed Capital : *******
Working Capital : *******
Total Bank loan : *******
Promoter(s) contribution : *******
Term loan : *******
Name & address of promoter(s)
Name : Proprator
Designation : Proprator
Category : General
Debt Service Coverage Ratio (Average) :1.87
Current ratio (Average) :2.63
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5
Current ratio 1.53 2.06 2.62 3.19 3.76
Quick ratio 1.13 1.56 2.10 2.64 3.18
Interest coverage ratio 3.87 5.55 7.00 9.48 14.71
Debt equity ratio 2.863 2.080 1.528 1.020 0.542
TOL/TNW 3.02 1.45 0.79 0.43 0.21
DSCR 1.65 1.86 1.90 1.94 1.97
Gross profit Sales Percentage % 29.23 % 28.54 % 28.18 % 27.86 % 27.50 %
Net profit Sales Percentage % 10.84 % 10.56 % 11.10 % 11.57 % 11.90 %
BEP in % of installed capacity % 49.90 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 %
BEP in sales of Rs 2,620,800.00 1,840,695.65 1,972,173.91 2,103,652.17 2,235,130.43
Return On Capital Employed 0.26 0.34 0.34 0.33 0.33
Net profit Sales %
Quick ratio
Revenue v/s Expense
Expense Splitup
Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Working Capital *******
Total *******

 

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Consumables / stock in hand *******
2 Work in progress *******
3 Finished goods *******
4 Working expense. *******
5 Receivables/Sundry debtors *******
6 Payables *******
7 Total working capital *******
8 Own Contribution *******

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
Total *******

Sl. no Item Subsidy % No. Rate Amount Rs
Total Investment *******
Total Subsidy *******
Net Investment *******
Sl. no Item Amount
1 Term Loan *******
2 Working capital Loan *******
3 Total loan *******
4 Term Loan contribution *******
5 Working capital contribution *******

Year 1(!*) Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Revenue from operation
Sales ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Add :
Closing stock ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Opening stock ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Stock purchase ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Salary ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Repairs and maintenance charges ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
gas ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
ELECTRICITY bill ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross profit ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Rent ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Telephone/Postal &internet charge ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** 0***** ***** ***** *****
Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on TL ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit before tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Income Tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit after tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash Inflow Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Capital 0.63 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Subsidy ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit before tax with interest ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in WC loan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current liability ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Cash Inflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash Outflow
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current asset ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on TL ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Income Tax ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Decrease in Term loan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Drawing ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Cash Outflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Opening balance ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Net Cashflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Closing balance ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Liability Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
A. Share holders funds
Capital ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Reserve & Surplus ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B.Non current Liabilities
Termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
C.Current Liabilities
Working capital loan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Account payable ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Liability ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Asset
A. Non current Assets
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B. Current Assets
Inventory ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Trade receivables ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash and cash equivalence ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Asset ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Year Installment Outstanding at the beginning Principal repayment Interest Amount paid Outstanding at the end
1 1 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 2 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 3 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 4 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 5 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
5 56 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 57 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 58 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 59 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 60 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Particulars Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Receipts
a).Net Profit ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
b).Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** 0.30
c).Interest on termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Repayments
a).Loan Principal ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
b).Interest on termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
DSCR ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Particulars Rate Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Building ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Computers/ Printers /Photocopier/Electronic gadget 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Furniture & fixtures 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Racks & storage/Interior works 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
new item 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
new 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Air-conditioning 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Other investments 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total less depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

The project as a whole describes the scope and viability of the Trading industry and mainly of the financial, technical and its market potential.The project guarantee sufficient fund to repay the loan and also give a good return on capital investment. When analyzing the social- economic impact, this project is able to generate an employment of 5 and above. It will cater the demand of Trading and thus helps the other business entities to increase the production and service which provide service and support to this industry. Thus more cyclic employment and livelihood generation. So in all ways, we can conclude the project is technically and socially viable and commercially sound too.

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