Project report for OPHTHALMAIC LENS MANUFACTURING

Introduction

An ophthalmic lens is a lens for correcting vision in a person with visual impairment where the focal point of the eyes does not hit the retina. Lenses can also be used to solve problems like astigmatism. They come in a variety of forms, including plastic and glass lenses worn glasses, contact lenses placed in direct contact with the eye and lens that implants surgically inserted into the eye to correct vision problems.It is usually necessary to get a prescription for a particular ophthalmic lens prescribed by an ophthalmologist.

In the manufacture of lenses, slabs of glass are cut with a glass saw or slitting disk; a piece of the desired type and shape is chipped to a rough, round blank, or the pieces may be heated to softness, rolled to a round shape, and pressed in a mold to the desired size and to approximately the desired curvature of the surfaces. The surfaces are then ground, or lapped, to the final form, using coarse emery, carborundum, or diamond as an abrasive. Lens surfaces are ground on an iron tool, either flat or suitably curved, using progressively finer grades of one of the abrasives mentioned above. In the grinding process, a rotating cup-shaped tool is mounted so that its axis of rotation intersects the axis of the lens at the centre of curvature of the desired spherical surface. The obliquity of the tool axis must be adjusted so that the rim of the tool cuts across the centre of the (concave) lens being generated. For convex lenses, the centre of the rotating tool face cuts the rim of the lens blank. As both tool and lens rotate about their respective axes, a spherical surface of the desired radius of curvature is generated on the lens.

Market potential & Strategy

The Global ophthalmic lens market size has the potential to grow by USD 233.88 billion during 2020-2024, and the market's growth momentum will accelerate during the forecast period. Market Scope forecasts that India’s INR 94.72 billion ophthalmic market will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.8% a year to INR 131.15 billion by 2022.

India is the fastest growing economy in the world and has a tremendous unmet need for ophthalmic care. The country is also home to approximately 30% of the world’s blind people, about half of whom are blind from cataracts, and is seeing rising numbers of people with glaucoma or retinal disease as people live longer. By 2022, over 145 million Indians will be age 60 or over.

Indian ophthalmic surgeons are expected to perform an estimated 7.1 million cataract procedures in 2017, making cataract the largest overall ophthalmic market in the country. Revenues from cataract surgery in India are expected to generate more than a quarter of the total ophthalmic market revenues in the country. The diagnostic equipment market is the second largest ophthalmic market in India and is expected to reach nearly $257 million in 2022. Growth of 4.8% will be driven by expansion of telemedicine, advancements to automate medical records, enhanced imaging technologies, consolidations of hospitals, and a rise in Indian companies entering the market.

Name & Address of Unit

OPHTHALMAIC LENS MANUFACTURING

Your address

Details of unit
Email : [email protected]
Phone : 0000000000
Constitution : Proprietership
Total project cost : *******
Fixed Capital : *******
Working Capital : *******
Total Bank loan : *******
Promoter(s) contribution : *******
Term loan : *******
Name & address of promoter(s)
Name : Proprator
Designation : Proprator
Category : General
Debt Service Coverage Ratio (Average) :1.87
Current ratio (Average) :2.63
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5
Current ratio 1.53 2.06 2.62 3.19 3.76
Quick ratio 1.13 1.56 2.10 2.64 3.18
Interest coverage ratio 3.87 5.55 7.00 9.48 14.71
Debt equity ratio 2.863 2.080 1.528 1.020 0.542
TOL/TNW 3.02 1.45 0.79 0.43 0.21
DSCR 1.65 1.86 1.90 1.94 1.97
Gross profit Sales Percentage % 29.23 % 28.54 % 28.18 % 27.86 % 27.50 %
Net profit Sales Percentage % 10.84 % 10.56 % 11.10 % 11.57 % 11.90 %
BEP in % of installed capacity % 49.90 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 % 27.12 %
BEP in sales of Rs 2,620,800.00 1,840,695.65 1,972,173.91 2,103,652.17 2,235,130.43
Return On Capital Employed 0.26 0.34 0.34 0.33 0.33
Net profit Sales %
Quick ratio
Revenue v/s Expense
Expense Splitup
Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Working Capital *******
Total *******

 

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
1 Consumables / stock in hand *******
2 Work in progress *******
3 Finished goods *******
4 Working expense. *******
5 Receivables/Sundry debtors *******
6 Payables *******
7 Total working capital *******
8 Own Contribution *******

Sl. no Item Amount Rs
Total *******
Sl. no Item Subsidy % No. Rate Amount Rs
Total Investment *******
Total Subsidy *******
Net Investment *******
Sl. no Item Amount
1 Term Loan *******
2 Working capital Loan *******
3 Total loan *******
4 Term Loan contribution *******
5 Working capital contribution *******

Year 1(!*) Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Revenue from operation
Sales ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Add :
Closing stock ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Opening stock ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Stock purchase ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Salary ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Repairs and maintenance charges ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
gas ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
ELECTRICITY bill ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross profit ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less :
Rent ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Telephone/Postal &internet charge ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** 0***** ***** ***** *****
Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on TL ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit before tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Income Tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit after tax ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash Inflow Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Capital 0.63 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Subsidy ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Profit before tax with interest ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in WC loan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current liability ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Cash Inflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash Outflow
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Increase in Current asset ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on TL ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Interest on WC ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Income Tax ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Decrease in Term loan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Drawing ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Cash Outflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Opening balance ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Net Cashflow ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Closing balance ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Liability Pre operative period Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
A. Share holders funds
Capital ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Reserve & Surplus ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B.Non current Liabilities
Termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
C.Current Liabilities
Working capital loan ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Account payable ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Liability ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Asset
A. Non current Assets
Fixed Assets ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
B. Current Assets
Inventory ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Trade receivables ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Cash and cash equivalence ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total Asset ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Year Installment Outstanding at the beginning Principal repayment Interest Amount paid Outstanding at the end
1 1 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 2 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 3 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 4 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
1 5 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
5 56 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 57 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 58 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 59 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
5 60 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Particulars Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Receipts
a).Net Profit ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
b).Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** 0.30
c).Interest on termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Repayments
a).Loan Principal ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
b).Interest on termloan ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
DSCR ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Particulars Rate Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Building ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Computers/ Printers /Photocopier/Electronic gadget 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Furniture & fixtures 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Racks & storage/Interior works 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
new item 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
new 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Air-conditioning 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Other investments 00 ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Less Depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total less depreciation ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Total written down value ***** ***** ***** ***** *****

The project as a whole describes the scope and viability of the Trading industry and mainly of the financial, technical and its market potential.The project guarantee sufficient fund to repay the loan and also give a good return on capital investment. When analyzing the social- economic impact, this project is able to generate an employment of 5 and above. It will cater the demand of Trading and thus helps the other business entities to increase the production and service which provide service and support to this industry. Thus more cyclic employment and livelihood generation. So in all ways, we can conclude the project is technically and socially viable and commercially sound too.

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