A profit and loss statement is simply known as a P & L account or income statement is one among the financial statements which provide the company’s revenue, expenses, profit & loss over some time. 

The P&L statement will help the investors and creditors to determine the past performance of the company. With the help of a profit & loss statement in a project report, we can predict the company’s sales, expenses, and cash inflows.

What is the Structure of Profit & Loss Statement?

The following items usually appear on the debit and credit side of a P & L Account.

On the debit side:
  1. Gross Loss (Transferred from Trading Account)
  2. All Indirect Expenses
On the credit side:
  1. Gross Profit (Transferred from Trading Account)
  2. All Indirect Revenues
What components include the P&L Statement?
  1. Revenue or Sales
  2. Cost of goods sold
  3. Gross profit
  4. Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses
  5. Depreciation
  6. Interest income/expenses
  7. Taxes
  8. Net profit/income
How to prepare a Profit and Loss Statement?

To prepare this statement you need to prepare another statement and collect data to make this statement. Follow the steps to prepare the statement.

  1. Prepare ledger accounts: With the help of a journal book, prepare a statement to get the ledger closing balance.
  2. Create trial balance: Trial balance gives the lists of all ledger accounts with the closing balance from the individual ledger.
  3. Preparing profit and loss statement: All ledger accounts having the nature of the purchase, sales, direct expense and income, indirect expenses, and income are posted to p&l statements.
 What is the Format of Profit & Loss Account?
ParticularsAmountParticularsAmount
To Opening StockxxxBy Salesxxx
To PurchasesxxxBy Closing Stockxxx
To Direct Expensesxxx
To Gross Profitxxx
xxxxxx
To Operating ExpensesxxxBy Gross Profitxxx
To Operating Profitxxx
xxxxxx
To Non-operating expensesxxxBy Operating Profitxxx
To Exceptional ItemsxxxBy Other Incomexxx
To Finance Costxxx
To Depreciationxxx
To Net Profit Before Taxxxx
xxxxxx

Using Finline you can create the profit and loss statement of the firm easily. Finline asks only the basic unit details of the business and based on the input the software automatically creates the P&L. Finline is mostly helpful for entrepreneurs who are not having enough knowledge in finance . Create project report using finline easily