Project report for Soap Manufacturing
Project report for soap manufacturing is as follows:
Toilet soaps became a part of our daily life, not only because of its cleaning properties but also due to its cosmetic aspects. The necessary raw materials are needed to be of high purity and the finished product should have the balanced pH as its froth may enter the eye. Toilet soaps are made by combining liquid fats (like vegetable oils or animal fat) with an alkali like sodium hydroxide (also called lye). The process is called saponification; the definition of saponification is literally to turn fat or oil into soap by reaction with an alkali. During the curing process, the sodium hydroxide and water evaporate out of the product, leaving behind just awesome soap. Superfatting, which refers to the process of adding liquid fats to soap after saponification, is popular for its rich, moisturizing effect. Clear soaps will add glycerin and sorbitol (a sugar alcohol with emollient properties), and products labeled antibacteria usually rely on triclosan, a substance that kills bacteria and helps prevent fungus growth. A simple production method with high return soaps are invariably used in every household. The antibacterial soap with a moisturizer added has huge market potential. The market is spread from remote village to the metro cities alike. The industry gives a good profit and high employment oriented.
Product / Services & process
The products are toilet soaps of differnt frangance and colour. They are ; Sandal, Lemon, Lavendor and Turmeric. Speciality of the products are they are hand made and glicerin soaps. They have mindglowing fragrance and attractive packing. Customers will be easily attracted. Soap making process is called saponification. Saponification process is the reaction of castic soda with fatty acids, like vegitable oils. Soap poder, which is an inert filler is added to it as an abbrasiive. Beauty of the soap is colour and suitable colour is mixed at the end of saponification process. Fragrance is very important and it is added to the mix at last, so that it will lasting and remain fresh.
Raw materials / Consumables
Raw material selection is very important in determining the quality and price of a product. If the raw material quality is low, the products made of them cannot be of superior quality. At the same time, materials with lower prices to be identified. The raw materials required for the production of toilet soaps are:
1) Caustic soda or Sodium Hydroxide
2) Vegitable oil, mainly coconut oil
3) Soap powder, id stone powder or white clay powder
6) Butter paper
7) Paper cover for packing
These raw materials are procured from genuine suppliers so that quality and low orice can be ensured.
Plant & Machinery / Equipments
Machinery for toilet soap manufacturing are:
Soap Mixer machine
Reciprocating soap cutting machine
Foot operated stamping machine
vessels and dishes
Market potential & Strategy
Most of the Indians take bath daily as are very much concious about the personal cleanliness . Apart from the aspect of cleaning the body, bath is linked to our culture, traditions and religious cerimonies. Without taking bath devottees usually donot enter into holy places. Lots of soap brands are available in the market. But a new product will be surely welcomed by the market in search of variety. Once this acid test is passed by a product, its future will be fabulous. Quality products will sustain in the market. A cheap but quality product like this has great scope in the market.
But most of the customers donot stick on to a particular brand of soap only for a long time. Each time they purchase soaps, they try differnt brands accoring to price, fragrance, packaging and advertisment. Those brands they felt have quality, would prefer to buy next time, thats all.Ttherefore a new product will attract some of the customers and some of the users will prefer to buy it.Almost all people use soapsin India while taking bath and the lifespan of a soap is hardly 10 days. That means, every family is a customer of around 35 soaps a year. If maximum margin is ensured to the retailer, they will defenitely introduce it to the customer and persuade to buy it. therefore market potential of this hand made, glycerine soap will be defenitely high.Growing number of Indian consumers is showing preference for premium bathing products and thus the body wash and shower segment is expected to grow with a CAGR of more than 15% over the next four years.