Project report for Ayurvedic Medicines

Introduction

Project report for   Ayurvedic Medicines manufacturing is as follows :

  Ayurvedic  medicines  are  being  popular  day  by  day    because  these    medicines  used  in  the  treatment  of  all  kind  of  diseases.    Ayurvedic  system  of    medicine  is  as  old  as  the  vedic  age.    Now-a-days  people  give  preference  to  the  Ayurvedic  medicines  as  the    Allopathic  medicines  are  costlier  and  have  side  effects.  Ayurvedic medicines are based on plants, animals extracts and minerals both in single ingredient drugs and compound formulations.  Basic  raw materials used  in  the  formulation  of  ayurvedic  machines  are  mainly  plant  origin  hence  consumption  of  ayurvedic  medicine  does  not  produce  any    major  adverse  effect  on  body  beside  the  use  of  allopathic  medicines  may  cause  harmful  effect  on  kidney, liver, intestines, alongwith some allergic effect to skin.   Products  Aristha,  Awleha,  Churna,  chyanpras,  and  taila  are  the  common  drugs of present era & these medicines may be used without doctors prescription.  The Ayurvedic drugs are derived  from vegetable  sources from the various parts of the plant like root, steam. leaf, flower, fruit extract  or plant as a whole. There  are  about  21  varieties  of    compound  formulations  in  which  some  of  the    single  drugs  of  animal  origin    (  52  nos.),  Mineral  origin    (55  Nos.)  and  plant  origin  (351 Nos.) are used.  The details of the single drugs and  other particulars  can  be  had  from  the  Ayurvedic  Formulary  of  India,  published  by  Govt.  of  India,  Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.                                            


Product / Services & process

Ashokarishta ,Lakhibilas,Lavan Bhaskar,Chyavan Prash ,Gandhakadi Malham

1. Arishta & Asava : Asavas  and  Arishtas  are  made  by  soaking  the  herb  either  in  powder  form  or in the form of decoction  (Kasaya) in a solution of sugar or jaggery, as the case may  be,  for  a  specific  period  of  time,  during  which  it  undergoes  a  process  of    fermentation   generating   alcohol   and   facilitate   the   extraction   of   the   active   ingredients  contained  in  the  drugs.    The  alcohol  so  generated,  also  act  as  a  preservative.


a) Aristha : The drugs in the text are coarsely powdered  and  kasaya is prepared.  The kasaya is strained and kept in a fermentation pot, sugar of honey according to the formula  is    dissolved,  boiled  and  added.    Drugs  mentioned  as  praksepa  dravyas  are  finely  powdered    and  added.    At  the  end,  dhataki  puspa,  if  included  in  the  formula,  should  properly  cleaned  and  added.    The  mouth  of  the  pot,  vessel  or  barrel  is  covered  with  an    earthen  lid  and  the  edges  sealed  with    clay  smeared    cloth  in seven consecutive layers.  The container is kept either in special room, in an underground cellar or in a heap of  paddy, so as to ensure that for duration of fermentation,  as  far  as  possible,  a  constant  temperature  is  maintained,  since  varying temperature may impede or accelerate the  fermentation. After the specified period, the lid is removed and the contents examined to ascertain  whether  the  process  of  fermentation  (sandhana)  has  been  completed.    The fluid is first decanted and   then strained after two or three days.  When the fine particles settle down, it is a strained and bottled.    
 b) Asava : The  required  quantity  of  water,  to  which  jaggery  or  sugar  as  prescribed  in  the  formula  is  added,  is  boiled  and  cooled.    This  is  poured  into  the  fermentation  pot,  vessel  or  barrel.    Fine  powder  of  the  drugs  mentioned  in  the  formula  are  added.    The  container  is    covered  with  a  lid  and  the    edges  are  sealed  with  clay  smeared cloth wound in seven consecutive layers.  The rest of the process is as in the case of Arista.
2. Rasayan Rasa or Rasa Yoga :  Ayurvedic medicine containing mineral drugs as main ingredients are called Rasa  Rasayan  or  Rasa-Yoga.    They  are  in  pill  form  or  in  powder  form.  First  minerals  such  as  Abhraka.    Drugs  such  as  abhraka  maksika,  svarna,  rajata,  tamra, karmsya etc. are used only in bhasma form in these preparations.  Drugs such  as  gandhaka,  manahisila  etc.  are  used  in  purified  from.  Where  rasa  and  gandhaka  are  drugs,  kajjali  (Mixture  of  equal  amount  of  sulphar  &  mercury)  is prepared  first  with  these  tow  and  then  only  other  drugs  are  added  in  small  quantities and ground in the khalva itself and mixed well.
3.        Goggula:        Ayurvedic  medicines  prepared  from  and  exudate  (Niryasa)  obtained  from  the  plant  commiphara  mukul,  are  known  as  Goggula.    There  are  five  different  varieties  of  goggula  in  Ayurvedic  shastra.    But  usually  two  varieties,  mahisakasa  and  kanaka  are  preferred  for  medical  preparation.  Exudate  in  small  pieces  are  taken in a piece of cloth and boiled in gomutra or Dugdha or Triphala kasaya until the exudate passes into the fluid through the cloth to the maximum.  The fluid after filtering is boiled till it forms a mass.  After drying the mass is formed into a paste by adding ghee till it becomes waxy
4.        Taila        :  Taila  are prepared by boiling prescribed kasayas (decoction) and kalkas of drugs  in  oils  according  to  the  formula  prescribed  in  Ayurvedic  formulary.    In  normal practice taila oil is used as basic oil for preparation of such Ayurvedic oils. There  are  generally  three  essential  components  for  the  preparation  of    sneha (ghrta or taila) viz :
i) drava ( a liquid which may be one or more as kasava, svarasa, dugdha, mastu, etc.); ii) kaka ( a fine paste of the drugs(s);  iii) sneha dravya (ghrta, taila, etc.).
5.        Parpati        :        First  kajjali  is  prepared  with  purified  Mercury  and  Sulphur.    Other  drugs  mentioned  in  the  formula  are  added  one  by  one  and  filtered  by  trituration  in  a    khslbs.    The  powder  put  in  iron  vessel  and  kept  over    fire  in  he  sikatayantra.    A  shallow  pit  in  fresh  cow  dung  is  made  and  a  kadali  leaf  or  an  eranda  leaf  is    spread over the pit.  When the medicine melts and becomes liquid it is poured  on the  lead  carefully.    Another  leaf  is  covered  over  it  and  fresh  cow  dung  is  spread  and  gently  pressed.    After  it  is  allowed  to  cool  the  flakes  of  the  medicine  are    removed  and  powdered.    The  other  drugs  as  per  Ayurvedic  formulary  are  added  and mixed well in grinder.
6.        Lauha        :        Lauha  kapas  are  preparations  of  Loha  Bhasma  as  main    ingredient  with  other drugs.  The other active ingredients are made to fine powder and mixed with Loha Bhasma. The  drugs  are  reduced  to  fine  powder  and  mixed  with    loha  bhasma.    Bhavana is given with prescribed liquids, if mentioned.
7. Vati  or Gutika : Ghrita  are  preparations  in  which  ghee  is  boiled  with  prescribed  kasayas  (Decoction)  and  kalkas  of  drugs  according  to  formulation  as  per  Ayurvedic  formulary.
8. Avaleha Modak Paak :- Avaleha  or    Lehya  is  a  semi  solid  preparation  of  drugs.    These    are  prepared    by  the  addition  of  jaggery  sugar  or      sugar  candy  and  boiled  with  prescribed   drug   juices   decoction.      Honey,   if   required,   is   added   when   the   preparation is cold  kand mixed well. These preparations generally have (1) kasaya or  other liquids, (2) jaggery, sugar or sugar candy, (3) powders or pulps of certains drugs; and (4) ghee, of oil and honey, Jaggery, sugar or sugar candy is  dissolved in the liquid and strained to  remove  the    foreign  particles.    This  solution  is  boiled  over  a  moderate  fire.    When  the  paka  (Phanita)  is  thready  (tantumat)  when  pressed    between  two  fingers  of  when  if  sinks  in  water  without  getting  easily  dissolved,  it  should  be  removed from the fire.   Fine powders of drugs are then added in small quantities and  stirred  continuously  and  vigorously  to    form  a  homogenous  mixture  well.    Honey, if mentioned is added when the  preparation is cool and mixed well.
9.        Churna        :        Churna  is  a  fine  powder  from  of  drugs.    All  the  herbs  and  other  active  ingredients  are  cleaned,  dried    and  powdered  together  by  mechanical  means,  to  the fineness of at least 80 mech. Drugs  mentioned    in  the  Yoga  are  cleaned  and  dried  properly.    They  are  finely powdered and  sieved.  Where there are a number  of drugs in a yoga, the  drugs  are  separately  powdered  and  sieved.    Each  one  of  them  (powder)  is  wieghed separately, and well mixed together.   As some of the drugs contain more fibrous   matter   then   others,   this   method   of   powdering   and   weighing   them   separately,  according  to  the  yoga  and  then  mixing  them  together,  is  preferred  separately, according to the yoga and then mixing them together, is preferred.


Raw materials / Consumables

All  the  raw  materials  such  as  herbs,  minerals  etc.  for  preparation  of  Ayurvedic  medicines  are  available  in    India  abundantly,  particularly    in  N.E.  Region and Himalayan Range as a whole.


Market potential & Strategy

There  are  more  than  500  Pharmaceuticals  Industries  are  working  in  the  state   of   Haryana.      Approximately      200   out   of   500   units   are   engaged   in   manufacturing  Ayurvedic  medicine.    Since  ancient  times  India  is  a  preacher  for  Ayurvedic medicines and its use for mankind.  Earlier their use was only confined to the rural area, but due to increasing side effects of allopathic medicines use of such  type    medicines  increasing  both  in  rural  and  urban  areas  and  demand  for  Ayurvedic  medicines  is  increasing  till  date.    The  rural  areas  are  still  using  Ayurvedic  medicines  for  the  treatment  of  their  sickness  and  only  in  chronic  disease cases use to take allopathic medicines.  These are some  Ayurvedic units known by this office & are engaged in manufacturing various type ayurvedic drugs  These units are selling their products in the adjoining states. The states like  Himacal  Pradesh,  Western  U.P.    hills,  Jammu  &  Kashmir , Jharkand, Western ghats etc  which  have  abundant  raw  material  used  in  the  manufacturing  of  Ayurvedic    medicines.    Hence,  by  seeking  the  demand  of  Ayurvedic  medicines  and  in  the  overseas  market,  installing  of    Ayurvedic    medicines  manufacturing  units  is the  demand  of  hour.           


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